Red Wine and White Wine

I have been wondering about the difference between red wines and white wines. To me, they taste quite different. Red wines are heavier and more complex than white wine, and often tend to be less sweet. Why is this? Actually red and white wines are made quite differently. The differences between red and white wines include the kinds of grapes used, the fermentation and aging process, and the character and flavor of the wine.

White wines are almost always made from white grapes, although they can be made from black grapes, since the juice in most black grapes is clear. When white wine is made, the skins of the grapes are separated from the juice when they are put into a crushing machine. Then yeast is added to the juice for fermentation, until the juice becomes white wine. After filtering etc, the wine is aged by storing it in stainless steel or occasionally oak containers and bottled after a few months. White wines, then, are made without skins or seeds and are essentially fermented grape juice. They have a light character and have crisp fruit flavors and aromas. They can be sweet or dry or somewhere in between. Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio/ Pinot Gris, Riesling, and Sauvignon Blanc are all white wines.

Red wine is usually made from red or black grapes, although all the kinds of grapes usually have a clear juice. The process of making red wine is different from the one of making white wine. After the grapes have been in the crushing machine, the red grapes with their skins and everything sit in a fermentation vat for a period of time, typically about one to two weeks. . The skins tend to rise to the surface of the mixture and form a layer on top. The winemaker frequently mixes this layer back into the fermenting juice (which is called must). After fermentation is over, the new wine is taken from the vat. A little “free run” juice is allowed to pour and the rest of the must is squeezed into “press wine”. The wine is clarified and then is stored, usually in oak containers, for several months until it is ready to be bottled. The oak containers add additional wood tannins and flavors to the wine which help to intensify it and add richness to it. The result of this process is that red wines exhibit a set of rich flavors with spicy, herby, and even meaty characteristics. Beaujolais, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chianti, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Zinfandel are all red wines.

The main difference between red and white wines is the amount of tannins they have. Since tannins largely come from the grape skins, red wines have more of them than white wines. Red wine acquires it’s tannins in the process of maceration (leaving juice to mix together with the skin, seeds and woody bits). It is the tannins and skins of the red grapes which are released into the wine that contribute to the deep color and flavor of red wine. Tannins have a slightly bitter taste and create a dry puckery sensation in the mouth and in the back of the throat; and often lend a wonderful complexity to red wine. They also help preserve the wine. This is why red wines are usually aged longer than white wines.

There are as many different flavor profiles among red wines as there are among white ones. Some red wines are sweet and fruity, while some whites ( such as Chardonnay) have tannins from being stored in oak containers. Some German white wines have lasted for centuries, while some red wines are made for immeadiate consumption. For wines meant for consumption right away the winemaker takes out the bitter tannins, creating a fruity, fresh, and approachable wine. So, apart from the color, there are no hard and fast rules about the differences between red and white wine.

Is it true that red wine is better for you? The research of Dr Frankel has shown that red wine contains more antioxidants than white wine, although the total amount varies according to the variety of grape, region it was grown, the climate and soil it was grown in, and whether it was stored in oak (since wines stored in oak have more antioxidants) and the filtration techniques used. However the antioxidants in white wine are apparently more effective. The research of Dr Troup shows that the antioxidant molecules in white wine are smaller and thus more effective because they can be more easily absorbed. It seems that white wine is just as healthy as red wine.

In summary, the primary difference between red and white wine is the amount of tannins they contain, although there are no hard and fast rules about the differences between them outside of the color of the wine. Usually red wines are more complex, richer, and heavier, with spicy, herby, and even meaty characteristics. White wines are usually sweeter, and lighter, and have crisp fruit flavors and aromas. Neither is significantly better for you. Which wine is best for you to drink is simply a matter of taste.

Choosing Right Wines

There are certain things to be considered before buying wine. Many sellers may sell duplicate wines after their expiry date using attractive labels. You can be easily fooled in the selection of wine bottles as there will be thousands of bottles in the shop. Many stores offer discounts, this is where people should be alert. Many of them may buy the wines in discount, but who knows whether it is pure or not.

A good selection of wine bottles is the one that has been carefully picked by a knowledgeable wine buyer. It represents a range of tastes, styles and prices. Mainly certain wines made from pure dehydrated fruit should be preserved under certain conditions. If it is not preserved in that state then, there is a chance of it getting spoiled.

Wines lose its flavour and smell when it is stored above 80 degrees temperature. That is why wine store houses are constructed at undergrounds.

The wines which we have in beaches, resorts or during travel may taste very sour, this is due the change in temperature. In order to find for a good wine shop you should know certain things, that is see whether the sales person in the shop is wearing a sweater in the summer, this will prove that the place is maintained at the correct temperature.

Wine is a fermented product so the packaging of it plays an important role in preserving it. It should be filled in glass bottles as mentioned by the hazard analysis critical point. Or else it will lead you to difficulties like vomiting and stomach upset.

A good wine store

A good wine store is a place where the wine merchants will provide you good wine and it is better to buy wine from a reputed store. It’s a good idea to ask the bartender to recommend few bottles for tasting.

New To the World of Wine? Here Are 3 Fun, Interesting Ways To Expand Your Knowledge!

Want a fun way to learn about wine? Many people these days are intimidated by the world of wines. There are so many labels, so many types and brands – and how do you even begin to figure out the proper food pairings?

Well, one of the best ways to learn about wine is through direct experience – practice and tasting. This is the best way to teach yourself how to taste and really appreciate what makes a quality bottle.

How do you do that? Easy – here are 3 unique, fun ways to learn about wine:

#1 Visit a Winery

Whether you’re on vacation or live close to a wine growing region, chances are you can take a tour and visit one or even a few different wineries.

You can see how the grapes are grown, walk the vineyard, watch the process of winemaking and even do a tasting. It really gives you an appreciation for the complexities of the wine-making process.

The people who run these tours are usually full of information and can your experience both fun and educational. Go with a few friends and you’ll have an experience to talk about for years. You may even find a new favorite wine on your tour!

#2 Host A Wine Tasting Party

This isn’t as hard as it sounds (provided your friends aren’t wine critics!). Wine tasting is very subjective after all.

But you may have to do a bit of leg-work beforehand. Make sure you buy several different types of reds and whites – preferably from different places (alternately, you can also buy the same type of red from different regions if you really want to study a certain type of wine like a Pinot Noir, Riesling or Cabernet, for example).

You may have to do a brief overview for your guests about how to taste – look at the color, smell the aromas, taste and savor the wine noticing the tastes, acidity, tannins and sweetness levels. Then after the wine is gone, notice how it finishes on the palate. You can usually find some good information on wine tasting either online or at your local wine store.

Another thing you may want to include for your guests is their own wine rating sheets so that they can make their own observations of each bottle. After the tasting it’s a lot of fun to compare notes. You’ll be learning via your own tasting experience – as well as everyone else’s!

#3 Join A Wine Club

Wine clubs will send you several bottles of expertly-selected premium wines every month or every quarter. These usually come with tasting notes and information on the wineries and that particular bottle you’ve received.

You can find a wine of the month club to suit your preferences. So for example you may want to try some international reds or receive several fine sparkling whites every month. You can even join clubs that will send you bottles rated 90+ points by critics – that are almost impossible to get in stores.

A wine club isn’t just a fun way to experience wine – it’s also a great way to save money since you’re paying less than you normally would if you bought the bottles separately. Plus most wine clubs give their members attractive discounts on future reorders.

So those are some memorable, interesting ways to expand your wine knowledge – and have fun at the same time. Remember that you don’t have to know it all – even the experts don’t know everything! The beauty of learning about wine is the adventures you experience while building your knowledge!